#105: Women's International League for Peace & Freedom

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Women's International League for Peace & Freedom photo(Photo is of a large group of women, probably circa 1915-1920 or so, holding a large banner that says "Peace".)

This is the end, y'all. Last name on the poster. It's been a good run, huh?

In 1915, American suffragists and peace activists including Jane Addams and Carrie Chapman Cat formed the Women's Peace Party (WPP). The organization was formed to work towards suffrage and peace. The WPP then sent representatives to the International Women's Congress for Peace and Freedom in The Hague, a meeting of international women peace activists. The international meeting members adopted much of the same platform as the WPP and the members formed the International Committee of Women for Permanent Peace (ICWPP), with Jane Addams as its first president.

Both in the U.S. and internationally, women worked to end World War I. The international group met again in 1919 and renamed itself the Women's International League for Peace & Freedom (WILPF). At that point, the League moved its headquarters to Geneva, to be closer to the League of Nations.

Since World War I, the WILPF has consistently worked again war and for peace all over the world. In 1932, the WILPF collected six million signatures for the World Disarmament Petition. In the 1960s and 1970s, they worked against nuclear testing, including an international disarmament conference in 1975. They have agitated, worked, and invested human rights abuses.

Two WILPF leaders have received Nobel Peace Prizes (Jane Addams in 1931 and Emily Greene Balch in 1946).

In 1998, the WILPF reestablished its American presence, opening an office in Washington D.C. The established goals of the organization are:
* the equality of all people in a world free of sexism, racism, classism, and homophobia,
* the guarantee of fundamental human rights including the right to sustainable development,
* an end to all forms of violence: rape, battering, exploitation, intervention and war,
* the transfer of world resources from military to human needs, leading to economic justice within and among nations, and
* world disarmament and peaceful resolution of international conflicts via the United Nations.

I can get with that.

Sources:
WILPF USA
Wikipedia

1 Comments

I'm going to miss reading about all the people you've covered. It's been interesting AND helped me win at trivial pursuit!

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